Typically, the thyroid gland is located in the front part of the neck below the thyroid cartilage. The thyroid gland is dedicated to producing thyroid hormones, which has the function of regulating body metabolism. Thyroid hormones play an important role in regulating body energy, the body’s utility of other kinds of hormones and vitamins, as well as the growth and maturation of body tissues. When the thyroid gland fails to work properly, this can lead to production of too much or too little thyroid hormone, thyroid nodules, as well as goiter. Here, there is a brief introduction of several common types of Thyroid Disorder, namely hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer.
Hypothyroidism is a condition that too little thyroid hormone exists in the bloodstream. Then, the thyroid gland is said to be underactive, as it does not produce enough thyroid hormone for the body to work properly. Insufficient production of thyroid hormone impacts stimulation of cells and organs in the body. The low level of thyroid hormone result in symptoms associated with hypothyroidism, including slowed heart rate, tiredness, inability to tolerate cold, mental fatigue, and constipation.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition that the thyroid gland overproduces thyroid hormone, resulting in the high levels of thyroid hormone in the blood. When people develop this condition, they are often said to have an overactive thyroid. This abnormally high level of thyroid hormone typically accelerates the body’s metabolism. Metabolism is the chemical and physical processes that create the substances and produce the energy used for cell function, growth, and division. When people develop hyperthyroidism, they may present some symptoms, including a rapid heartbeat, tremor of the fingers and hands, weight loss, and the inability to tolerate heat.
Thyroid cancer is a cancer that develops in the thyroid gland, which is the severest type of thyroid disorder. Thyroid cancer typically develops at slow speeds and will unlikely present any symptoms in the early stage. Later on, thyroid cancer presents some symptoms, including a small, painless lump in the neck, pain in the neck and throat, speaking with a hoarse voice, the swollen lymph nodes in the neck and some breathing difficulties.
With the fast development of society, the burden on people’s shoulders is becoming bigger and bigger. Therefore, more and more people are developing thyroid disorder. Now, there are all kinds of treatments and drugs aiming at dealing with thyroid problems in the medical area. The earlier thyroid problems are detected, the higher the possibility of a cure is.