Ovarian cyst removal is usually recommended when cysts are large, solid, shaped in irregular forms, suspected of being cancerous, twisted, ruptured, or causing severe pain. Older patients with ovarian cysts are more likely to need to have them removed since the likelihood of having a cancerous cyst increases with age.
Thorough physical examination by your doctor should be done before you have a ovarian cyst removal done. Generally these tests will include X-rays and CT scans of the abdomen to double check the diagnosis, blood and urine tests and going over any current medications and previous medical conditions.
The two common methods to remove ovarian cysts are laparoscopic surgery and open surgery. These options depend on the type of ovarian cyst. Larger cysts are usually removed through an open surgery.
In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision in which to insert a thin tube called a laparoscope. The tube is used to find the cyst and from there, the surgeon is able to remove the cyst.
Large ovarian cysts are usually removed through surgery under general anesthesia. Post-operative experience usually includes some abdominal pain. Other complications like bleeding and infection may also be experienced. In a few rare cases, removal may cause infertility and blood clots. There is also a chance that a new cyst will still develop after ovarian cyst removal surgery.
As long as the surgeon preforming the ovarian cyst removal procedure finds no signs of ovarian cancer it is very uncommon for you to have any complications afterwards and recovery should only take a few weeks. If there are signs of ovarian cancer found, then the removal of one or both of the patients ovaries may have to be removed and a treatment plan will have to be discussed for the ovarian cancer.
After the removal of an ovarian cyst, it is important to contact your doctor if you experience fever or chills, excessive pain or bleeding, shortness of breath, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, abdominal swelling, vomiting, or any other signs of ill health. An ovarian cyst removal, like all other surgeries, must be closely monitored post-surgery but should have no complications.