Testicular cancer originates in the testicles, located inside the scrotum (a loose bag of the skin underneath the penis). It is a rare type of cancer as compared to other cancer. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even if it has spread beyond the testicle. The treatment is recommended by the urologist, depending on the stage and types of testicular cancer.
Symptoms of testicular cancer
* Lump or enlargement in either testicle
* Dull pain in the abdomen or groin
* Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
* Sudden deposition of fluid in the scrotum
* Enlargement or tenderness of the breast
* Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum
Causes of testicular cancer
The causes of testicular cancer are not known. It is developed when the healthy cells in a testicle become altered. These cells starts developing abnormally – the cancer cells continue to divide abnormally even when new cells are not required,. The accumulating cells form a mass in the testicle.
Almost all the testicular cancers originated in the germ cells – the cells in the testicles that produce immature sperm. Causes for germ cells to become abnormal are not known.
Risk factors for testicular cancer
Although causes of testicular cancer is not known, but experts believe that certain factors increases the risk of developing testicle cancer.
* An un-descended testicle – The testes form in the abdominal area during the fetal development and descend into the scrotum before the birth. A man is at higher risk of developing testicle cancer if has a testicular that never descended.
* Family history – Man his at greater risk of having testicular cancer if anyone in his family have had the cancer.
* Abnormal testicle development – Medical conditions such as Klinefelter’s syndrome that cause testicles to develop abnormally, increases the risk of testicular cancer.
* Age – Teens and younger men, aging from 15-34 are at greater risk of developing testicular cancer. However, the testicular cancer can occur at any age.
Complications in testicular cancer
Testicular cancer can result in severe complications, if not treated at an early stage. It can cause infertility in men. And if the testicular cancer is not treated, it can reach to other parts of the body.
The chances of successful treatment are more if the disease is diagnosed at early stage. If you experience pain, swelling or lumps in your testicles or groin area, especially if these symptoms last longer than two weeks consult an urologist immediately. If the cancer is diagnosed, you will be recommended for the oncologist.

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