Cell Phones and Cancer: The Next Pandemic?

Thalidomide, Asbestos, Tobacco: Name three things not considered dangerous when introduced to the public. We may have our fourth; cell phones. While we still don’t know for sure that there is a direct link between cell phones and cancer, one has to wonder how it could be possible to place an object next to the head that generates an electromagnetic field for thousands of minutes a month (go check your bill); and yet not have any long term health risks?

Cellular telephones emit radio frequency or (RF) energy, which is a form of radiation. Radiation exposure is what causes the nurse who just took your x-ray to run behind a protective wall, so how could having your INSERT PHONE BRAND HERE pressed against your cranium be good for you?

We all face risk/reward decisions every day. Do I eat another donut? Do I smoke that cigarette? Do I…well, you know the drill. Face it, we are bombarded everyday with things we know aren’t good for us. Does that mean we should be protected from ourselves? I think not, but we should know what our risks are as well as the risks we are subjecting those around to.

You see, it does us no good to be in another situation 30 years from now where we find ourselves confronted with the fact that the wireless industry knew back in 2008 that cell phones caused cancer but didn’t tell anyone, or that leaked memos or emails from a handset manufacturer warned of the potential long term risks to using their products. I want to be an informed consumer and we are owed that by those chosen to protect us.

What’s this got to do with business?

Funny you should ask. Back in September, before the markets threw up all over us, there was a debate brewing on Capitol Hill over the prolonged use of cell phones and the link to cancer. They concluded that more research is needed but I am worried that the conversation will be swept away with the financial bailout tide along with the money to fund the research, which I am sure by now has been reallocated to pay for Dick Fuld’s seat on the board of the New York Museum of Modern Art.

But it’s about the kids people!

That particular hot button issue on the Hill was about cell phone use and kids. Why? Because cell phone radiation travels approximately two inches into an adult brain, but clear through to the center of a child’s brain says Ronald Herberman, director of the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute. Mr. Herberman also went on to say that he couldn’t tell the committee that cell phones are dangerous, but he also couldn’t tell them they are safe.

Studies done outside the U.S. have produced contradictory results. A 2006 study by the Swedish National Institute for Working Life found increased incidence of cancer among heavy users. But that was based on outmoded wireless technology, and a more recent Scandinavian study found no link. Results of a multinational study coordinated by the International Agency for Cancer Research are due to be released in late 2008.

In the U.S., this issue rests in the hands of the FDA, which shouldn’t make anyone feel good. These are the same boys and girls that allowed 44,000 deaths via prescription drugs in 2005, which is more people than died in car accidents, all illegal drug deaths combined, and even second hand smoke related deaths. In fact, it was the highest incidence credited to “accidental deaths” that year so forgive me if I don’t rush into the warm embrace of the FDA when they say cell phones don’t cause cancer!

Why Losing Weight is Good

There is a great benefit acquired from losing weight. Though losing weight is not easy, the long term effects brought by it would probably be of help to anyone considering to shed those unwanted and unhealthy pounds.

The following are a few of the remarkable advantages from losing those excess weight.

Weight loss prevents high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.

That is a three in one benefit from losing weight. It is a fact that heart disease and stroke are one of the primary reasons for disability and death in both men and women in the US. People who are overweight have a higher risk to have high levels of cholesterol in their blood stream as well as triglycerides (also known as blood fat).

Angina, one type of heart disease, could cause chest pains as well as a decrease in the oxygen pumped to the heart.

Sudden death also occurs from heart disease and stroke, and usually this strikes with very little warning, signs and symptoms.

It is a fact that by decreasing your weight by a mere five to ten percent, this could positively decrease the chances of you having or developing heart disease or a stroke. Plus, how your heart functions would also improve as well as your blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride count will decrease.

Weight loss prevents type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes puts in jeopardy one’s life as well as how one leads his or her life because of the complications that result from having it. Both types of diabetes, type one and type two are linked with being overweight. To those who already have diabetes, regular exercise and losing weight could help in controlling your blood sugar levels as well as the medication you may be currently taking. Increase your physical activity. You could simply walk, jog or dance. It helps get those blood streams moving as well as lose those unnecessary pounds.

Weight loss helps reduce your risk for cancer.

Being overweight is linked with a number of kinds of cancer. Specially for women, the common types of cancer that is associated with being overweight include cancer of the uterus, gallbladder, ovary, breast, and colon. This is not meant to scare you, this is only to keep you informed. Men are at risk too from developing cancer if they are overweight. These include cancer of the colon, prostate and rectum. Extra weight, a diet high in fat and cholesterol should as much as possible be avoided.

Weight loss reduces sleep apnea.

Or it could eliminate it all together. Sleep apnea is a condition wherein one could temporarily stop breathing for a brief period and then would continue to snore heavily. Sleep apnea could cause drowsiness or sleepiness during the day and because of being overweight could result in heart failure. Shedding those excess pounds could help in eliminating this problem.

Weight loss reduces the pain of osteoarthritis.

When one weighs heavily, the joints of his or her knees, hips and lower back would have to exert double if not triple effort to carry him or her through out his or her waking, walking and moving life. This could cause tension and stress on these joints. Weight loss decreases the load these joints carry thus decreasing if not eliminating the pain of one who has osteoarthritis.

Prostate Cancer Survival Through Effective Chemotherapy

Prostate cancer survival and prostate cancer life expectancy are like two sides of the same coin. One is entirely dependent on the other. Each individual is unique in this world. Family history regarding a specific disease, lifestyle, dietary habits, all are contributory factors to the survival and, of course as a corollary, to his life expectancy.

It is a well established axiom that the earlier the cancer is detected, the treatment options are very clear and the survival possibilities are very encouraging. Those way even the spreading of the infection to other parts of the body (metastasis). When once the metastasis starts, the survival chances are very slim.

In general, the diagnostic skills measure the chances of prostate cancer survival. Diagnosis is conducted by two methods – staging and grading. Four successive stages have been recognized about the severity of the malaise. When the cancer is confined within the prostate, it is Stage A. Stage B denotes there are numerous cell clusters – nodules – have started forming but still confined to the prostate area. Stage C represents modules spreading locally. Stage D is the final stage when modules get transported to all parts of the body triggering metastasis.

Gleason scaling system evaluates the progress of prostate cancer. It has evolved a scale for measurement of the spreading of prostate cancer. The scales used are from 2 to 10. Up to 6 in the scale, the cancer cells are not multiplying and the chance of spreading is slim. A scale of 7 indicated aggressive cell formation and all Gleason scales from 8 to 10 pinpoints metastasis.

Are their methods to actually prevent the on setting of prostate cancer to enhance the chances of prostate cancer survival? The answer is an emphatic no. There are some choices according to researchers to reduce the risk. Diet and lifestyle choices play a vital part in reducing prostate cancer risk. Exercising in fresh air full of oxygen and eating a low-fat diet rich in fruits, vegetables and maintaining a healthy weight can also help reducing the risk

.In order to prolong prostate cancer life expectancy, different treatment options is mooted. But as per Medical Review Boards, it takes about 10 years to complete detailed studies over a broad spectrum of patients, which is a costly proposition. So researchers have taken data from the past to compare treatments. This is called a retrospective study and is not very reliable.

The development of cancer in older men (which is always the case) challenges the efficiency of treatment methods, since due to the slow-growing nature; they may not need any treatment at all if the scale of the disease is low.

Prostate cancer survival is an intricate issue. The triggering of cancer mechanism is governed by multiple factors like food habits, and lifestyle. Prostate cancer life expectancy, on the other hand, is dictated by the treatment options and the age.

Ovarian Cyst Removal Overview

Ovarian cyst removal is usually recommended when cysts are large, solid, shaped in irregular forms, suspected of being cancerous, twisted, ruptured, or causing severe pain. Older patients with ovarian cysts are more likely to need to have them removed since the likelihood of having a cancerous cyst increases with age.

Thorough physical examination by your doctor should be done before you have a ovarian cyst removal done. Generally these tests will include X-rays and CT scans of the abdomen to double check the diagnosis, blood and urine tests and going over any current medications and previous medical conditions.

The two common methods to remove ovarian cysts are laparoscopic surgery and open surgery. These options depend on the type of ovarian cyst. Larger cysts are usually removed through an open surgery.

In laparoscopic surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision in which to insert a thin tube called a laparoscope. The tube is used to find the cyst and from there, the surgeon is able to remove the cyst.

Large ovarian cysts are usually removed through surgery under general anesthesia. Post-operative experience usually includes some abdominal pain. Other complications like bleeding and infection may also be experienced. In a few rare cases, removal may cause infertility and blood clots. There is also a chance that a new cyst will still develop after ovarian cyst removal surgery.

As long as the surgeon preforming the ovarian cyst removal procedure finds no signs of ovarian cancer it is very uncommon for you to have any complications afterwards and recovery should only take a few weeks. If there are signs of ovarian cancer found, then the removal of one or both of the patients ovaries may have to be removed and a treatment plan will have to be discussed for the ovarian cancer.

After the removal of an ovarian cyst, it is important to contact your doctor if you experience fever or chills, excessive pain or bleeding, shortness of breath, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, abdominal swelling, vomiting, or any other signs of ill health. An ovarian cyst removal, like all other surgeries, must be closely monitored post-surgery but should have no complications.

Breast Cancer Symptoms and Signs

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer diagnosed in women if the relatively less aggressive skin cancer is excluded from counting. Breast cancer accounts for about 32 percent of all cancer diagnosed in women.

Breast cancer is very uncommon in male. In families carrying the breast cancer associated genes, male members may be affected disproportionately compared to the general population. In the general population female to male breast cancer may occur at a rate of 1 to 100 (1:100 for male: female).

If there are changes in how the nipple or breast feels, possibly a thickening or lump in or around the breast or underarm area, such a change can be a symptom of breast cancer. So can tenderness in the nipple.

Though not all the breast symptoms turns out to be breast cancer but skin changes of the nipples is one of the late manifestation of cancer. At any age, the appearance of any breast symptom should be taken seriously by both the patient and the doctor meanwhile there may be possibility of breast cancer in any breast symptom.

Furthermore, breast cancer orgasms that spreads beyond original organ through blood surface, and this causes symptoms that depends on the location of the organ. These common organs include the brain, liver, lung bone etc though the symptoms on these organs may occur as a rusult of illnesses or disease.

Gynaecologist In India Informs About Compulsory Surgery

When a women experiences gynaecological disorders, it can be really discomforting and difficult phase to pass through. The apprehension becomes even more prevalent when the doctor recommends for surgery to eliminate the specific problem. At times they do face the dilemma of whether or not to opt for the surgery. The problem can be within the reproductive system and sometimes the only alternative left out is a possible operation. It is particularly in cases associated with infertility where the woman has some hope of child barring and become pregnant. However, the most important factor of course is the health condition of the patient or whether surgery would be fruitful in her case.

Surgery Compulsory In These Cases

According to a renowned Gynaecologist in India, there are some specific diseases or disorders where surgery becomes mandatory such as in the treatment of cancer. A woman can get affected to different types of this deadly disease such as cervical cancer, fallopian tube cancer, ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer or even breast cancer. The early detection of this disease is very necessary for preventing it to spread in other parts of the body. Moreover, the doctor can begin the treatment as soon as he detects this life threatening disease. In the first case, the doctor has to determine the exact location of the tumour and then its size. He needs to also determine the stage of the cancer and find out whether it has spread to other parts of the body or not. However, the gynaecologist in Kolkata may refer the patient to an oncologist for better treatment.

Hysterectomy and Ablation

A hysterectomy is one of the gynaecological diseases is defined as surgical procedure in which the surgeon will remove the female uterus. The aftermath of this specific operation is that the women will no longer be able to conceive a child. However, this surgery is done in a few specific conditions when the issue becomes complicated. The uterus is usually removed when the benign grows larger causing excessive abnormal bleeding and pain. The patient can also experience irregular, heavy and very painful menstrual periods. The chances of developing a cancer increases during the occurrence of hysterectomy. However, surgery is obviously the last option as the famous gynaecologist will look for some other treatment procedures to treat the disorder. The cervix is also removed during the surgery.

Pregnancy Related Issues

The woman has to take utmost care of her health during the pregnancy period. During the nine months of her gestation, she should remain in touch with the obstetrician and consult him on regular basis. The delivery of the baby can be through a normal procedure or through a surgery which is known as caesarean section. With the procedure becoming advance more women are opting for surgery as it is painless and easy. They do not want to bear the difficult labour pain. For some complicated cases, the surgeon can also perform laparoscopy procedure especially for abdominal disorders. The Gynaecologist in India can opt for surgery as preventive measure in few cases.

Tamoxifen blocks the actions of estrogen and is used to treat and prevent some types of breast cancer -onlinepillmart

What is Tamoxifen ?

Tamoxifen is a type of medicine known as an ‘anti-oestrogen’. It is mainly used to treat women with breast cancers that respond to the female sex hormone, oestrogen.

Mechanism of action:

Most breast cancers are sensitive to oestrogen, and their growth is increased in the presence of this hormone. Oestrogen binds to oestrogen receptors on the breast cancer cells and causes changes within the cells that result in faster growth of the cancer. Breast cancers that are sensitive to oestrogen are called oestrogen receptor positive cancers.
Tamoxifen works by blocking the oestrogen receptors, thereby blocking the effect of oestrogen on the cancer. This starves the breast cancer cells and stops them from growing.
This drug helps to prevent breast cancer from spreading to other areas of the body and also reduces risk of developing cancer in the other breast.

Warning:

This tablets may cause visual disturbances and lightheadedness and so could affect your ability to drive safely. You should make sure you know how this medicine affects you before driving or operating machinary.As this medicine may potentially cause harm to a developing baby, it should not be used during pregnancy. Women who have not yet passed the menopause should use a non-hormonal method of contraception to prevent pregnancy both during, and for two months following, treatment with this medicine.This drug is associated with a small increase in the risk of endometrial cancer. The benefits of taking tamoxifen to treat breast cancer outweigh this risk. However, to minimise the risk you should tell your doctor straight away if you experience any abnormal gynaecological symptoms during or after treatment with this medicine, so that they can be investigated. Symptoms to report include vaginal bleeding, menstrual irregularities,vaginal discharge, or symptoms such as pelvic pain or pressure. Ask your doctor for further information if you are concerned about this.It is associated with an increased risk of abnormal blood clots in the blood vessels (for example deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism), particularly during periods of immobilisation and following surgery. The benefits of taking tamoxifen to treat breast cancer outweigh this risk. However, you should consult your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms during treatment, as they could be signs of a blood clot: stabbing pains and/or unusual swelling in one leg, pain on breathing or coughing, sudden breathlessness or sudden severe chest pain. Ask your doctor for further information if you are concerned about this.

Storage:

Store at room temperature. Protect from heat, light and moisture. Keep away from reach of children.

Does Acid Reflux Has A Perfect Cure?

Acid reflux is a condition that plagues many and is known to be a lifestyle condition caused due to irresponsible consumption of food. It is a condition in which the stomach juices move in the opposite direction from the stomach into the esophagus.

Since the esophagus lining is not used to acidic juices, inflammation in the esophagus is something that is bound to occur. The typical acid reflux cure includes consumption of antacids that neutralize the effect of acids.

Heart burn is just a symptom, so we should concentrate on finding a cure for the problem that causes acid reflux. Curing heart burn do not cure the basic problem that causes acid reflux. If not treated for a long time, it can cause esophageal cancer.

A study was conducted among 255 patients in Sweden by Dr. Lars Lundell in Karolinska university. This study is done to know whether surgery or medication, which one is better for acid reflux. Among the 255 patients 122 of them had done surgery and remaining 133 is on medication.

Despite the fact that the researchers are in touch with a large proportion of these initial patients, they have been unable to establish whether surgery is the perfect cure or whether medication is the best option. About 53% of those who underwent surgery had a lower intensity of acid reflux.

Among the patients who took medication for acid reflux they reported that the intensity has come down. But about 45% of the patients needed to change their amount of intake of drug throughout the study period of 12 years.

Despite the fact that surgery was considered to be more effective, there were post operative issues that needed to be addressed and tackled. In reality, the situation does bring to the front that conventional medication and surgery do not really seem to have the right answer to the recurring acid reflux problem.

The perfect cure for this condition lies in lifestyle modification, diet adjustments and herbal remedies that can cure the problem by addressing the root cause of the issue.

The basic modifications that you should do in lifestyle is as follows. They are having a light meal at night, reducing nicotine, regular exercise and you should make sure that the last meal of the day should be taken some hours before sleep. You should also maintain a chart, with name of the foods that causes acid reflux.

Moreover, there are many natural herbs and supplements that can reduce the symptoms of acid reflux.

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How Do You Know If Your Skin Cancer Is Potentially Fatal?

Technically speaking, all skin cancer is potentially lethal if not treated. However, there are more serious forms of the condition, though they are a lot rarer.

Mycosis Fungoides

Mycosis Fungoides is an extremely rare form of skin cancer and it tends to affect twice as many men as it does women. Many people assume that it is an innocent fungal infection when they first hear the name; however it is in fact a much more sinister condition which is a type of cutaneous T cell Lymphoma.

Generally a cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma is an uncontrollable growth within the skin of the T cells within the body. Whilst most people do not notice any change to their daily life once they do have Mycosis Fungoides, it still does need to be treated as soon as possible.

Who Mycosis Fungoides affects the Most and what causes it:

Mycosis Fungoides seems to affect black skinned people more than fair skinned people, and as mentioned earlier, it tends to affect men more than women.

Whilst it is possible for the condition to strike at any age, it does seem to affect older people generally over the age of fifty. Why the condition appears is currently unknown but you definitely cannot pass it on to anybody else. The condition is also not hereditary and the symptoms do tend to vary from person to person.

Itching seems to be the most common form of symptom in most people, and the condition itself seems to appear in various stages. During its early stages, the skin will develop small patches of redness, though in darker skins the patches may simply just look darker than usual.

The patches are generally extremely itchy and you may notice that some patches are raised from the skin. They tend to appear mainly on the buttocks, under the arms, on the hips and on the chest.

The second stage usually includes skin tumors. The color of the lumps seems to now be a violet color and they are also raised. They are sometimes ulcerated, though that does not happen all the time.

Next is the redness stage where as well as skin patches and raised lumps, large sections of the skin also turn red. These areas of the skin also tend to be really itchy and they often look quite scaly too. You may also notice that the folds of skin on your face and in the palms of your hands become quite thick and they could even crack.

Finally, if not treated, the condition tends to spread to other parts of the body and usually the first parts of the body to be affected are the lymph nodes.

These then become inflamed and at this stage they can become cancerous. If they are cancerous, the condition can spread to the liver, the lungs and even the bone marrow.

Usually, it takes around six years to diagnose Mycosis Fungoides from the start of the symptoms appearing. This can make it difficult to treat early and as mentioned, people generally do not know they have the condition and so their normal lives are usually not disrupted.

It is extremely common to confuse the condition with other conditions and usually in order to fully diagnose this condition; a skin sample will need to be taken.

Usually if caught early, steroid creams can be used to clear up the condition, though if it is cancerous, chemotherapy may need to be used. As rare as it is, Mycosis Fungoides does occur in some people and it does take an extremely long time to realize that you actually have it.

It usually does not turn out to be fatal, but if it is left untreated for an extremely long length of time from diagnosis, it can unfortunately lead to death.

Any type of skin cancer is potentially dangerous, you just have to catch it early enough and look out for any symptoms whatsoever that give the condition away.

Lung Cancer: One of the Most Fatal Illnesses in the World

Lung cancer is one of the more prevalent kind of cancer. Smoking is usually the culprit. Constant exposure to toxic waste, radiation and asbestos also build up threats of a lung disease.

Lung cancer is an ailment of unrestrained cell development in the lung tissues. This growth may lead to metastasis, spreading to the adjoining tissues and penetrating prematurely the lungs.

Lung cancer is the most popular cancer cause of death in men, and the second most common in women.

Frequent symptoms of lung cancer:
1. Continuous chest throbbing
2. Persistent coughs that become severe
3. Shortness of breath, puffing, or huskiness
4. Constant troubles with pneumonia or bronchitis
5. Coughing up blood
6. Inflammation of the neck and face
7. Loss of appetite or significant weight loss
8. Exhaustion

Types of Lung Cancers:
A. Small-cell lung cancer occurs when malignant cells form in the lung tissues.
Small lung cancer has three different types, classified according to the forms of cells developing as cancer. These are:
1. Small cell carcinoma
2. Union of small cell and large cell carcinoma.
3. Joint small cell carcinoma.

These three kinds may contain many different types of cells. The cancer cells of all types may grow and multiply in different ways.

Stages of Small Cell Lung Cancer
Limited stage – cancer starts in the lung tissues, and in the adjacent lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are tiny, bean-shaped structures near the lungs.
Extensive Stage – cancer has propagated beyond the lungs to other parts of the body.

B. Large-cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant cells form in the tissues of the lungs.

Five types of large-cell lung cancer
The five types of large-cell lung cancer have differing varieties of cancer cells. The cancer cells of each category produce and multiply in unusual effects:
1. Squamous cell carcinoma – Cancer starts in the squamous cells, thin flat cells that appear like fish scales. It’s called epidermoid carcinoma.
2. Large cell carcinoma – Cancer in which the cells are big and seem to be irregular when examined under a microscope.
3. Adenosquamous carcinoma – Cancer that begins in cells. Cancer cells appear to be firm when inspected under a microscope.
4. Adenocarcinoma – Cancer that begins in groups in glandular assets.
5. Undifferentiated carcinoma – Cancer cells that do not seem to be normal. They spread fast.

Treatment:
1. Surgery – Surgery is the ideal medication for lung cancer. The body is normally opened up for the lungs to be treated directly.
2. Radiation is a common treatment for lung cancer. Radiation therapy utilizes high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. It distresses cells only in the treated area.

a. External radiation is the most common radiation treatment for people with lung cancer. Radiation comes from a huge apparatus outside your body. Mainly people go to the hospital or clinic for treatment. Treatments are typically 5 days a week for more than a few weeks.

b. Internal radiation is rare. Radiation is released from a seed, wire, or another device, to the body.

Treatment of Large-Cell Lung Cancer:
* Chemotherapy – This is cancer treatment making use of drugs to prevent the increase of cancer cells. Drugs are either taken by mouth or injected in the veins and muscles to destroy cancer cells. These drugs go into the bloodstream to treat cancer cells in the body. When chemotherapy is placed straight in the spinal column, an organ, or a body cavity like the abdomen, these drugs generally distress cancer cells in those parts.
* Laser therapy – Laser is used to destroy cancer cells.